Settle

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English

Noun

Settle (plural Settles)
  1. (archaic) A seat of any kind.
  2. A long bench, often with a high back and arms, with storage space underneath for linen.
  3. (obsolete) A place made lower than the rest; a wide step or platform lower than some other part.
    And from the bottom upon the ground, even to the lower settle, shall be two cubits, and the breadth one cubit. --Ezek. xliii.

Verb

Settle (third-person singular simple present Settles, present participle settling, simple past and past participle settled)

  1. (transitive) To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like.
    • And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,until he was ashamed. --2 Kings VIII. 11. (Rev. Ver.)
  2. (transitive, obsolete, US) To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as, to settle a minister.
  3. (transitive) To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.
  4. (transitive) To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink; to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.
  5. (transitive) To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;as, clear weather settles the roads.
  6. (transitive) To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, to render close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a barrel or bag by shaking it.
  7. (transitive) To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from uncertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance.
    • It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. --Jonathan Swift.
  8. (transitive) To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.
  9. (transitive, archaic) To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to settle an account.
  10. (transitive, colloquial) To pay; as, to settle a bill. --Abbott.
  11. (transitive) To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.
  12. (intransitive) To become fixed or permanent; to become stationary; to establish one's self or itself; to assume a lasting form, condition, direction, or the like, in place of a temporary or changing state.
    • The wind came about and settled in the west. --Bacon.
    • Chyle . . . runs through all the intermediate colors until it settles in an intense red. --John Arbuthnot.
  13. (intransitive) To fix one's residence; to establish a dwelling place or home; as, the Saxons who settled in Britain.
  14. (intransitive) To enter into the married state, or the state of a householder.
  15. (intransitive) To be established in an employment or profession; as, to settle in the practice of law.
  16. (intransitive) To become firm, dry, and hard, as the ground after the effects of rain or frost have disappeared; as, the roads settled late in the spring.
  17. (intransitive) To become clear after being turbid or obscure; to clarify by depositing matter held in suspension; as, the weather settled; wine settles by standing.
    • A government, on such occasions, is always thick before it settles. --Joseph Addison.
  18. (intransitive) To sink to the bottom; to fall to the bottom, as dregs of a liquid, or the sediment of a reservoir.
  19. (intransitive) To sink gradually to a lower level; to subside, as the foundation of a house, etc.
  20. (intransitive) To become calm; to cease from agitation.
    • Till the fury of his highness settle, Come not before him. --Shakespeare
  21. (intransitive) To adjust differences or accounts; to come to an agreement; as, he has settled with his creditors.
  22. (intransitive, obsolete) To make a jointure for a wife.
    • He sighs with most success that settles well. -- Samuel Garth.

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Related terms

Adverbs for Settle

traditionally; cozily; sparsely; voluntarily; colonially; permanently; conclusively; mercilessly; satisfactorily; peacefully; amicably; contentedly; thinly; vaguely; prosperously; pecuniarily; arbitrarily; harmoniously.

Thesaurus

KO, abalienate, abide, accommodate, accommodate with, accord, adapt, adapt to, adjust, adjust to, affirm, afford proof of, agree on, agree with, alien, alienate, alight, alight upon, allay, amortize, anchor, answer, answer conclusively, appoint, argue down, arrange, arrange matters, ascertain, assign, assimilate to, assure, attend to, balance, barter, be guided by, beat, beat all hollow, beat hollow, becalm, bed, bend, bequeath, best, billet at, bivouac, blast, blot out, bring home to, bring to terms, bring together, bump off, burrow, calm, calm down, camp, cave, cave in, cede, certify, chart, chime in with, choose, cinch, clarify, classify, clean up, clear, clear off, clear up, climb down, clinch, close, close with, codify, colonize, come down, come down on, come to anchor, comply, comply with, compose, compound, compromise, concert, conclude, confer, confirm, conform, confound, confute, consign, contradict, controvert, convey, cook, coordinate, cop out, correct, correspond, croak, crush, decide, decline, deed, deed over, deep-dye, defeat, define, deliver, demise, demolish, demonstrate, denizen, deny, descend, descend upon, destroy, determine, devolve upon, discharge, discipline, dish, dismiss, dismiss all doubt, dismount, dispose, dispose of, dive, do for, do in, domesticate, droop, drop, drop anchor, drop on, drub, duck responsibility, dwell, embed, empeople, enfeoff, engraft, engrave, ensconce, ensure, entrench, erase, establish, establish residence, etch, evade responsibility, exchange, fall, fall in with, fall on, figure, find, find out, finish, fit, fix, fix on, fix up, floor, flop, flop down, flump, flump down, follow, follow from, found, founder, gear to, get, get at, get down, get off, give, give and take, give it to, give the business, give title to, give way, go by, go down, go fifty-fifty, gravitate, ground, gun down, hand, hand down, hand on, hand over, harmonize, have a case, head, heal the breach, hide, hit, hit upon, hive, hold good, hold water, honor, hors de combat, ice, impact, implant, impress, imprint, incline, infix, ingrain, inhabit, inscribe, install, insure, jam, keep house, knock out, lambaste, land, lapse, lather, lay, lay out, lead, lean, lick, lift, light, light upon, liquidate, live, live at, locate, lodge, lose altitude, lower, lull, make a deal, make a decision, make accounts square, make an adjustment, make certain, make concessions, make conform, make good, make no doubt, make no mistake, make out, make over, make peace, make sure, make sure of, make up, mediate, meet, meet halfway, methodize, mold, moor, move, nail down, negotiate, nest, nonplus, normalize, nose-dive, observe, off, order, organize, outclass, outdo, outfight, outgeneral, outmaneuver, outpoint, outrun, outsail, outshine, overthrow, overturn, overwhelm, pack, park, parry, pass, pass on, pass over, patch things up, patch up, pay, pay in full, pay off, pay out, pay the bill, pay the shot, pay up, people, perch, pick, pioneer, place, plan, plant, play politics, plop, plop down, plump, plunge, point, polish off, populate, precipitate, print, prove, prove to be, prove true, purpose, put, put down, put in tune, put to silence, quiet, quiet down, quieten, quit, rationalize, reach a compromise, reassure, rebut, reconcile, rectify, redeem, reduce to silence, refute, regularize, regulate, relax, relocate, remain, remove all doubt, reside, resolve, restore harmony, retire, reunite, roost, root, routinize, rub off corners, rub out, ruin, rule, sag, satisfy, scuttle, seal, seat, see that, see to it, select, sell, serve one out, set, set at rest, set down, set in, set to rights, set up housekeeping, set up shop, settle differences, settle down, settle in, settle on, settle the matter, settle the score, settle with, shape, shoot down, show, shut up, sign away, sign over, silence, sink, sink down, sit, sit down, skin, skin alive, slouch, slump, slump down, smash all opposition, smooth it over, soothe, sort out, split the difference, square, square accounts, squash, squat, squelch, stamp, stand, standardize, stay, stay at, stereotype, stick, still, straighten, straighten out, strike a balance, strike a bargain, strike root, strike upon, submerge, subside, subvert, suit, surrender, swag, synchronize, systematize, take a resolution, take care of, take residence at, take root, take the mean, take up, take up residence, tally with, tend, tend to go, thrash, torpedo, touch down, trade, tranquilize, transfer, transmit, trim, triumph over, trounce, tune, tune up, turn over, undermine, undo, unhorse, upset, waste, wedge, whip, will, wind up, wipe out, work out, worst, yield, zap

Etymology

From Old English setl, from Germanic *setla-, representing Proto-Indo-European *sed-lo-, from *sed- (sit). Cognate with German Sessel, Dutch zetel; and with Greek ἑλλά, Latin sedo, Russian седло. The verb (Old English setlan) developed from the noun.

Pronunciation

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Verb

The translations below need to be checked.

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