Light

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English

Verb

Light (third-person singular simple present lights, present participle lighting, simple past and past participle lit or lighted)

  1. (transitive) To start (a fire).
  2. (transitive) To set fire to.
    She lit her last match.
  3. (transitive) To illuminate.

Synonyms

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Noun

Light (plural Lights)
  1. (uncountable) The natural medium emanating from the sun and other very hot sources (now recognised as electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 400-750 nm), within which vision is possible.
    As you can see, this spacious dining-room gets a lot of light in the mornings.
  2. A source of illumination.
    Put that light out!
  3. Spiritual or mental illumination; enlightenment, useful information.
    Can you throw any light on this problem?
  4. (in the plural, now rare) Facts. pieces of information; ideas, concepts.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, Book I, New York 2001, p. 166:
      Now these notions are twofold, actions or habits [...], which are durable lights and notions, which we may use when we will.
  5. A notable person within a specific field or discipline.
    Picasso was one of the leading lights of the cubist movement.
  6. A point of view, or aspect from which a concept, person or thing is regarded.
    I'm really seeing you in a different light today.
    Magoon's governorship in Cuba was viewed in a negative light by many Cuban historians for years thereafter.
  7. A flame or something used to create fire.
    Hey, buddy, you got a light?
  8. A window, or space for a window in architecture
    This facade has eight south-facing lights.
  9. The series of squares reserved for the answer to a crossword clue
    The average length of a light on a 15x15 grid is 7 or 8.
  10. (informal) A cross-light in a double acrostic or triple acrostic.

Synonyms

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Adjective

Light (comparative Lighter, superlative Lightest)

  1. having light
  2. pale in colour
  3. (of coffee) served with extra milk or cream

Synonyms

Derived terms

Adjective

Light (comparative Lighter, superlative Lightest)

  1. Of low weight; not heavy.
    My bag was much lighter once I had dropped off the books.
  2. Lightly-built; designed for speed or small loads.
    We took a light aircraft down to the city.
  3. Gentle; having little force or momentum.
    This artist clearly had a light, flowing touch.
  4. Low in fat, calories, alcohol, salt, etc.
    This light beer still gets you drunk if you have enough of it.
  5. Unimportant, trivial, having little value or significance.
    I made some light comment, and we moved on.
  6. (rail transport, of a locomotive, usually with "run") travelling with no carriages, wagons attached
  7. (obsolete) Unchaste, wanton.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.i:
      Long after lay he musing at her mood, / Much grieu'd to thinke that gentle Dame so light, / For whose defence he was to shed his blood.

Synonyms

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Adverb

Light (comparative lighter, superlative lightest)

  1. Carrying little.
    I prefer to travel light.

Noun

Light (plural Lights)
  1. (curling) A stone that is not thrown hard enough.

Verb

Light (third-person singular simple present Lights, present participle Lighting, simple past and past participle Lighted)

  1. (nautical) To unload a ship, or to jettison material to make it lighter

Derived terms

Verb

Light (third-person singular simple present lights, present participle lighting, simple past and past participle lit or lighted)

  1. To find by chance.
    I lit upon a rare book in a second-hand bookseller's.
  2. (archaic) To alight.
    She fell out of the window but luckily lit on her feet.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Adjectives for Light

accusing; adequate; advancing; all-beholden; all-surprising; altering; amber; ample amusing; angelic; angry; approaching arrowy; artificial; ashy; attractive; auroral; austral; available; baleful; beacon becoming; bewildering; blinding; blinking blissful; blithe; burning; borrowed; bright broken; brutal; calm; celestial; center chalky; changeless; chastening; chatoyant cheering; clear; cloudless; collateral; corn forting; confused; congealed; contrasting cool; coppery; coruscating; crystal; curious dancing; danger-dissipating; dark; dawning; dazzling; day; deadly; deceitful; deceptive; deep; defiant; delusive; departing; despairing; despondent; dewy; dim; diaphanous; diffused; dirty; discernible; disheveled; distant; distressing; divine; doubtful; dreadful; dreamy; dry; dusky; dying; earliest; effulgent; elfin; enlivening; enkindling; emerging; emitting; erroneous; emotional; eternal; evening; everlasting; ever-moving; factitious; fading; faint; fair; falling; fanning; feeble; featureless; filtered; fitful; naming; flaring; flash; flashing; flighty; fluctuating; fluttering; fuller; garish; gas; gentle; ghastlier; ghostly; gladsome; glancing; glaring; glazed; gleaming; gleamy; glimmering; glorious; glowing; gradual; hallowed; hard; harnessed; harsh, hateful; hazy; heavenly; holy; hovering; illimitable; immortal; imperfect; inaudible, incandescent; indefinite; indistinct; ineffable; inexorable; influential; inner; innum-erable (pi); inquisitive; insolent; intellect ual; interfused; internal; intrinsic; inward; irreligious; joyous; laborious; leaning; legendary; lessening; lesser; liquid; literary; livid; lofty; lonelier; lovely; luminous; lunar; lurid; malicious; marquee; melancholy; mellow; melting; meridian; meteor; midday; mingling; ministering; minute: mobile; momentary; morning; mourning,' murderous; murky; myriad (pi); mysterious; naked; native; nebulous; nocturnal; northern; obscured; odor-giving; opalescent; opposing; patient; pecuniary; peerless; perpetual; petulant; phantasmal; phantom; phosphorescent; piercing; pitiless; planetary; poisoned; political; primogenital; prismatic; propitious; pure; purging; quivering; rackless; rational; ravishing; reflected; remoter; restored; returning; reveal¬ing; rising; roseate; rough; ruddy; rush rushing; sanctioned; sanguine; satisfactory sacred; scattered (pi) ; serious; sectarian serene; sevenfold; shaping; shadowing shifting; shimmering; shining; shrouded sickly; slanting; smoky; smothered; soft solar; solitary; sparkling; stagnant; starry steady; steely; straggling; streaming strengthened; subtle; sudden; suffering; sullen; sulphurous; summer; sunset; swimming; tempered; tender; terrific; time-wasting; timid; transmitted; transparent; tremulous; trembling; uncanny; unaccustomed; unapproached; twinkling; uncertain; unclouded; uncreated; undivided; undoubted; undulating; undying; unenvied; unfading; unfavorable; unnatural; unpitying; unsettled; unshadowed; unshaken; unsifted; unspeakable; untainted; unwavering; unwelcome; unwilling; upspringing; vacillating; valiant; varied; vehement; victorious; wandering; waning; warming; wave-divided; wavering; weak; weeping; weird; welcoming; well-diffused; well-loved; wishing; wistful; wondrous; worldly; zigzag.

Adjectives for Light

adjust—; bathe in—; blot out—; centralize —; douse (colloq.)—; extinguish—; flood with—; focus—upon; glory in—; grope for —; kindle—; muffle—; obscure—; radiate —; refract—; rejoice in—; shed—upon; shield from—; soften—; wreathe in; blazes; —blinds; —blinks; —creeps In; — dances; —dazzles; —diffuses; —dwindles —exposes; —fades; —filters in; —flares —flickers; —gleams; —glitters; —glows ——illumines; —penetrates; —pierces; —seeps in; —stabs; —streams in; —streaks; — twinkles; —wanes; —wavers; —wells from; —winks.

Adverbs for Light

insignificantly; extremely; exceedingly; unusually; uncommonly; unbelievably; airily; buoyantly; brilliantly; garishly; pallidly; faintly; indifferently; passably; tolerably; ordinarily; scarcely; manageably; conveniently; happily; jauntily; briskly; brightly; cheerfully; surprisingly; bewilderingly; comfortably; gloriously; mysteriously; unaccountably.

Adverbs for Light

brilliantly; spectacularly; visibly; adequately; scantily; partially; gracefully; blindingly; cheerfully; exquisitely; vividly.

Thesaurus

ASA scale, Anschauung, British candle, Hefner candle, Mickey Mouse, Paphian, Scheiner scale, Very flare, abuse, accented, account, acquaintance, active, aerial, aeriform, aery, agile, airish, airlike, airy, alabaster, alabastrine, albescent, alfresco, alight, allegorization, alveolar, amplitude, amusing, angle, angle of vision, ankle-deep, announcement, antelope, antinode, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, appear, arrow, articulated, asinine, aspect, assail, assault, assimilated, atmospheric, attack, attenuate, attenuated, aurora, back, balefire, bank, barytone, basis, bay, bay window, be exposed, be revealed, beacon, beacon fire, beacons, beaming, bearable, beat, belabor, berate, bilabial, birdbrained, birdwitted, blond, blue book, blue darter, blue streak, bougie decimale, bow window, boyish, brand, break, break of day, breakable, breezy, briefing, bright, brighten, brighten up, brightening, brightness, brilliant, bring to light, brittle, broad, bubbly, bulletin, bump, buoyant, burn, butane lighter, cacuminal, camp, campy, candle, candle lumen, candle power, candle-foot, candle-hour, candle-meter, candlelight, cannonball, carefree, casement, casement window, casual, catchpenny, central, cerebral, chambering, chance, changeable, chanticleer, cheap-jack, checked, cheer up, cheerful, cigarette lighter, clarification, clarify, clear, climb down, clobber, close, cloudless, cobwebby, cockcrow, cocklight, come across, come down, come in, come out, come to light, comic, communication, communique, configuration, conflagrate, considering, consonant, consonantal, continuant, coquettish, corky, counterglow, courser, crack of dawn, cracking, crash-land, cream, creamy, crest, crumbly, cursory, cushy, dainty, dart, data, datum, dawn, dawning, day-peep, daybreak, daylight, dayspring, de Broglie wave, debark, debonair, decimal candle, decipherment, decoding, delicate, delicately weak, demonstration, demythologization, dental, deplane, depthless, descend, detrain, develop, diaphane, diaphanous, diffraction, diluted, dim, directory, disclose, discover, disembark, dismiss, dismount, dispatch, display case, dissimilated, ditch, diverting, dizzy, dorsal, downwind, downy, dun-white, eagle, easy, easy as pie, easygoing, editing, effect, effeminate, effortless, effulgent, eggshell, eidolon, electric light bulb, electricity, electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave, elucidate, elucidation, emendation, emerge, empty, empty-headed, encounter, endurable, enkindle, enlighten, enlightenment, entertaining, epidermal, eternity, ethereal, euhemerism, evanescent, evidence, evolve, exegesis, exemplification, explain, explanation, explication, expose, exposed, exposition, exposure meter, expounding, express train, eye, facet, facile, facts, factual information, faddish, faded, faint, fair, familiarization, fan the flame, fan window, fanlight, farcical, fashion, fatuous, featherbrained, featherweight, feathery, featly, feature, feed, feed the fire, fickle, figure, find, fine, fine-drawn, finespun, fire, firebrand, firelight, first brightening, flambeau, flame, flare, flare-up, flash, flashlight, flat, fleet, flighty, flimsy, flint, flint and steel, flirtatious, flood with light, floodlight, fluffy, fluorescence, fluorescent, flux, foamy, foolish, foot-candle, footing, form, fragile, frail, frame of reference, framework, frangible, free and easy, frequency, frequency band, frequency spectrum, fribble, fribbling, frivolous, front, frothy, fusee, futile, gaslight, gauzy, gay, gazelle, gen, general information, gentle, gestalt, get down, get off, giddy, gimcrack, gimcracky, girlish, glare, glass, glassware, glaucescent, glaucous, gleam, glib, glide, glim, glory, gloss, glossal, glottal, glow, go down, gossamer, gossamery, graceful, gracile, gray-white, greased lightning, greyhound, grille, grow bright, grow light, guidebook, guided wave, guise, guttural, handout, happy, happy-go-lucky, harangue, hard, hard information, hare, headlight, heavy, high, highlight, hit, holiness, idle, ignite, igniter, ignition, illume, illuminant, illuminate, illumination, illuminator, illumine, illustration, image, imago, immutability, imperceptible, imponderous, impression, in consideration of, in phase, in view of, inane, incandescence, incandescent, incandescent body, incidental information, inconsequential, inconsiderable, inconstant, indistinct, infinite goodness, infinite justice, infinite love, infinite mercy, infinite power, infinite wisdom, infinity, inflame, info, information, insight, insignificant, instruction, insubstantial, intelligence, intensity, interference, international candle, intonated, iridescent, irradiate, ivory, ivory-white, jaunty, jejune, jerry, jerry-built, jet plane, jolly, jovial, joyful, kindle, knee-deep, knowledge, labial, labiodental, labiovelar, lacy, lambaste, lamp, lamp-hour, lancet window, land, lantern, lateral, lattice, lax, leger, level off, light as air, light bulb, light into, light meter, light quantum, light source, light up, light upon, light-colored, light-footed, light-headed, light-hearted, light-hued, lighten, lighter, lighter than vanity, lighthearted, lighthouse, lightish, lightning, lightship, lightsome, lightweight, likeness, limber, lineaments, lingual, lint-white, liquid, lissome, lithe, little, longitudinal wave, look, loose, loose-moraled, louver window, low, lucent, lucid, luck, luculent, lumen, lumen meter, lumen-hour, lumeter, luminant, luminary, luminate, luminescence, luminosity, luminous, luminous flux, luminous intensity, luminous power, lux, magnesium flare, majesty, make a light, make known, make light of, manner, match, meager, mechanical wave, meet, meet up with, mellow, mental outlook, mention, mercurial, mercury, merry, message, mid, mild, misty, moderate, monophthongal, moon, moonlight, morn, morning, mother-of-pearl, mousse, muted, nacreous, namby-pamby, narrow, nasal, nasalized, neat-fingered, neat-handed, nimble, nimble-footed, node, not deep, nothing to it, notice, notification, nugacious, nugatory, obscure, occlusive, occulting light, of easy virtue, of loose morals, off-white, omnipotence, omnipotency, omnipresence, omniscience, omnisciency, on the surface, opalescent, open, open the light, open-air, oriel, otiose, out of phase, outlook, overshine, overshoot, oxytone, painless, palatal, palatalized, pale, pancake, pane, papery, pasteboardy, pastel, patinaed, pearl, pearly, pearly-white, peart, peep of day, pellucid, perch, period, periodic wave, perky, petty, pharos, pharyngeal, pharyngealized, phase, phasis, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, phosphorescence, phosphorescent, photon, picture window, pitch, pitched, place, plain, pneumatic, point of view, port, portable, portfire, porthole, position, posttonic, presentation, prime, promiscuous, promotional material, proof, publication, publicity, puny, put on, quantum, quicksilver, quiet, radiance, radiation, radio wave, rare, rarefied, rationale, ray, reason, reference, reference system, reflection, regard, reinforcement, rekindle, release, relight, relucent, relume, relumine, report, resilient, resonance, resonance frequency, respect, retroflex, reveal, ridicule, rocket, roomy, roost, rose window, rounded, sad, scared rabbit, scatterbrained, scintillation, scold, seeming, seismic wave, semblance, semigloss, semivowel, serene, set down, set fire to, set on fire, settle, settle down, shallow, shallow-headed, shallow-minded, shallow-pated, shallow-rooted, shallow-witted, shape, shattery, shed light upon, shine, shine a light, shine upon, shining, shoal, shock wave, shopwindow, shot, showcase, shrug off, side, sidelight, sight, signal beacon, signal flare, signal lamp, signal rocket, silly, simple, simple as ABC, simplification, simplify, simulacrum, sissified, sit down, situation, skin-deep, skinny, skittish, skylight, skyrocket, slack, slant, slapstick, sleazy, slender, slenderish, slight, slight-made, slim, slimmish, slinky, small, smooth, sober, soft, soft-colored, soft-hued, softened, solution, somber, sonant, souffle, sound wave, source of light, sovereignty, sparker, sparkle, spill, spotlight, sprightly, spry, stand, standpoint, starlight, stars, statement, stemware, stir the fire, stoke, stoke the fire, stopped, straightforward, streak, streak of lightning, stressed, strike a light, striped snake, strong, stumble, stumble on, style, subdued, subtle, sun, sunlight, sunny, sunrise, sunup, superficial, supportable, surd, sure-footed, surface, surface wave, svelte, swallow, sweet, swift, switch on, syllabic, sylphlike, system, tacky, taking into account, talk down, taper, tender, tense, tenuous, the dope, the goods, the know, the scoop, thick, thin, thin-bodied, thin-set, thin-spun, thinnish, thought, threadlike, throaty, throw light upon, thunderbolt, tidal wave, tolerable, tonal, tongue-lash, tonic, torch, torrent, total effect, touch down, touch off, toying, tragicomic, translucent, translucid, transmission, transom, transparent, transparent substance, transpire, transverse wave, trifling, trite, trivial, trivialize, tropospheric, trough, tumble, turn on, turn up, twangy, twist, ubiquity, unaccented, unburdensome, unclear, unclouded, uncomplicated, uncover, undemanding, undependable, understanding, underweight, unearth, unheavy, unhorse, unimportant, unit of flux, unit of light, unity, universe, unlocking, unobscured, unpredictable, unprofound, unreliable, unrounded, unstressed, unsubstantial, untaxing, unveil, upbraid, upwind, vacant, vacillating, vacuous, vague, vain, vapid, velar, versatile, vertiginous, vestibule of Day, view, viewpoint, vitrics, vitrine, vocalic, vocoid, voiced, voiceless, volatile, vowel, vowellike, wanton, watch crystal, watch fire, watch glass, watered, watered-down, watery, wave, wave equation, wave motion, wave number, wavelength, wayward, weak, weightless, white book, white paper, whitish, whity, whorish, wicket, wide, willowy, wind, window, window bay, window glass, windowlight, windowpane, windy, wiredrawn, wise, wispy, witty, womanish, word, write off, yeasty

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Old English līhtan (illuminate)

Etymology 2

Old English lēoht. Cognate with Dutch licht, German Licht.

Etymology 3

Old English lēoht, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁lengʷʰ- (light). Cognate with Dutch licht, German leicht, Swedish lätt, Norwegian lett, Latin levis, Lithuanian lengvas, Sanskrit लघु (laghú).

Etymology 4

Old English līhtan

Translations

Verb

The translations below need to be checked.

Noun

The translations below need to be checked.

Adjective

The translations below need to be checked.

Adjective

The translations below need to be checked.

Verb

Verb

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