- Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command.
- Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless.
- Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; — opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
- Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
- Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the theist. The term is also applied by the pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
- Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
- Note: It is in dispute among philosophers whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
- To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. —William Hamilton
- (rare) Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
- I am absolute ’t was very Cloten. —Shakespeare, Cymbeline, IV,ii
- (rare) Authoritative; peremptory.
- The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. —Elizabeth Barrett Browning
- (chemistry) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
- (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. (See ablative absolute.)
NounAbsolute (plural Absolutes)
- That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental.
- moral absolutes
- (geometry) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
Synonyms for Absolute
positive, peremptory, certain, unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, arbitrary, despotic, autocratic, ultimate, perfect, thorough, total, supreme, entire, unrestricted, complete, unconditional, despotic, arbitrary, imperative, tyrannous, authoritative, positive, dogmatic, commanding, pre-emptory, autocratic, unlimited.
Antonyms for Absolute
absolutist; absolutistic; abstract; accurate; actual; adducible; admissible; admitting no exception; admitting no question; affirmative; affirmatory; all right; all-embracing; all-encompassing; all-out; all-pervading; all-powerful; almighty; alone; apodictic; arbitrary; aristocratic; arrant; arrogant; ascendant; assertative; assertional; assertive; assuring; attestative; attestive; autarchic; authentic; authoritarian; authoritative; authorized; autocratic; autonomous; azygous; bare; based on; beyond all praise; binding; born; bossy; bound; boundless; broad-based; bureaucratic; categorical; celibate; certain; circumstantial; civic; civil; clarified; classical; clean; clear; clear and distinct; clear as day; clothed with authority; commanding; competent; complete; comprehensive; compulsory; conclusive; concrete; confirmable; congenital; consequential; considerable; constitutional; consummate; controlling; convictional; convincing; correct; crass; cumulative; damning; de facto; dead right; decided; decisive; declarative; declaratory; decretory; deep-dyed; defectless; defined; definite; definitive; democratic; demonstrable; demonstratable; despotic; detailed; determinate; determinative; dictated; dictatorial; different; distilled; distinct; distinguished; documentary; documented; dominant; domineering; downright; duly constituted; dyed-in-the-wool; egregious; eminent; emphatic; empowered; entailed; entire; esoteric; especial; eternal; evidential; evidentiary; ex officio; ex parte; exceptional; exhaustive; explicit; express; extraordinary; eye-witness; factual; fascist; faultless; federal; federalist; federalistic; feudal; final; finished; first and last; firsthand; fixed; flagrant; flat; flat-out; flawless; for real; founded on; free; full; genuine; glaring; global; governing; governmental; great; grinding; gross; grounded on; gubernatorial; hard; hard-and-fast; haste; hearsay; hegemonic; hegemonistic; heteronomous; high-handed; historical; honest-to-God; ideal; illimitable; immaculate; impair; impeccable; imperative; imperial; imperious; implicit; important; imposed; impressive; inappealable; incontestable; incontrovertible; indefectible; indefective; independent; indicative; indisputable; individual; indubitable; ineluctable; inevitable; infallible; infinite; influential; inner; intensive; intimate; intolerable; irrefragable; irrefutable; irreproachable; irresistible; irrevocable; just; just right; leading; letter-perfect; limitless; lone; lordly; magisterial; magistral; mandated; mandatory; masterful; material; matriarchal; matriarchic; meticulous; mighty; minute; momentous; monarchal; monarchial; monarchic; monocratic; must; naked; neat; necessary; no strings; noteworthy; nuncupative; obligatory; odd; official; okay; oligarchal; oligarchic; omnibus; omnipotent; omnipresent; one and only; only; only-begotten; open; oppressive; out-and-out; outright; overbearing; overruling; overwhelming; parliamentarian; parliamentary; particular; patriarchal; patriarchic; peerless; peremptory; perfect; perfectly sure; personal; persuasive; pervasive; plain; plenary; plenipotentiary; plumb; pluralistic; political; positive; potent; powerful; precious; precise; predestined; predetermined; predicational; predicative; preeminent; prescript; prescriptive; prestigious; presumptive; private; probative; profound; prominent; pronounced; proper; provable; puissant; pure; purified; radical; rank; ranking; real; rectified; regular; reliable; repressive; republican; required; respective; right; round; ruling; satisfactory; satisfying; self-evident; self-governing; senior; several; severe; shattering; sheer; shocking; significant; simple; singular; sinless; sole; solipsistic; sovereign; special; specific; spotless; stainless; stark; stark-staring; straight; straight-out; straight-up-and-down; strict; substantial; suggestive; superior; superlative; suppressive; supreme; sure; sure-enough; surpassing; sweeping; symptomatic; taintless; telling; testable; the veriest; theocratic; thorough; thoroughgoing; through-and-through; total; totalitarian; transcendent; transcendental; transparent; true; tyrannical; tyrannous; ubiquitous; ultimate; unadulterated; unalloyed; unambiguous; unanswerable; unbearable; unblemished; unblended; unbound; unbounded; uncircumscribed; uncombined; uncompounded; unconditional; unconditioned; unconfined; unconfutable; unconscionable; unconstrained; uncontaminated; uncorrupted; undeniable; undiluted; undoubting; unequivocal; unfaultable; unflawed; unfortified; unhampered; unhesitating; unimpeachable; unique; universal; univocal; unleavened; unlimited; unmeasured; unmingled; unmistakable; unmitigated; unmixed; unpaired; unqualified; unquestionable; unquestioning; unrefutable; unrelieved; unrepeated; unreserved; unrestrained; unrestricted; unsophisticated; unspoiled; unspotted; untainted; untinged; unwaivable; utter; valid; verifiable; veritable; weighty; whole; wholesale; wide-open; without appeal; without exception; without reserve; without strings