Absolute

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English

Adjective

Absolute (comparative more absolute or (rarely) absoluter, superlative most absolute or (rarely) absolutest)

  1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command.
  2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless.
  3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; — opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
    Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.
  4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
    Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the theist. The term is also applied by the pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
  5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
    Note: It is in dispute among philosophers whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
    • To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. —William Hamilton
  6. (rare) Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
    • I am absolute ’t was very Cloten. —Shakespeare, Cymbeline, IV,ii
  7. (rare) Authoritative; peremptory.
  8. (chemistry) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
  9. (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. (See ablative absolute.)

Noun

Absolute (plural Absolutes)
  1. That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental.
    moral absolutes
  2. (geometry) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.

Synonyms for Absolute

positive, peremptory, certain, unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, arbitrary, despotic, autocratic, ultimate, perfect, thorough, total, supreme, entire, unrestricted, complete, unconditional, despotic, arbitrary, imperative, tyrannous, authoritative, positive, dogmatic, commanding, pre-emptory, autocratic, unlimited.

Antonyms for Absolute

mild, humble, meek, docile, yielding, gentle, submissive, lowly, insufficient, part, contingent, complaisant, accountable, responsible, limited, lenient, tractable.

Derived terms

Thesaurus

absolutist; absolutistic; abstract; accurate; actual; adducible; admissible; admitting no exception; admitting no question; affirmative; affirmatory; all right; all-embracing; all-encompassing; all-out; all-pervading; all-powerful; almighty; alone; apodictic; arbitrary; aristocratic; arrant; arrogant; ascendant; assertative; assertional; assertive; assuring; attestative; attestive; autarchic; authentic; authoritarian; authoritative; authorized; autocratic; autonomous; azygous; bare; based on; beyond all praise; binding; born; bossy; bound; boundless; broad-based; bureaucratic; categorical; celibate; certain; circumstantial; civic; civil; clarified; classical; clean; clear; clear and distinct; clear as day; clothed with authority; commanding; competent; complete; comprehensive; compulsory; conclusive; concrete; confirmable; congenital; consequential; considerable; constitutional; consummate; controlling; convictional; convincing; correct; crass; cumulative; damning; de facto; dead right; decided; decisive; declarative; declaratory; decretory; deep-dyed; defectless; defined; definite; definitive; democratic; demonstrable; demonstratable; despotic; detailed; determinate; determinative; dictated; dictatorial; different; distilled; distinct; distinguished; documentary; documented; dominant; domineering; downright; duly constituted; dyed-in-the-wool; egregious; eminent; emphatic; empowered; entailed; entire; esoteric; especial; eternal; evidential; evidentiary; ex officio; ex parte; exceptional; exhaustive; explicit; express; extraordinary; eye-witness; factual; fascist; faultless; federal; federalist; federalistic; feudal; final; finished; first and last; firsthand; fixed; flagrant; flat; flat-out; flawless; for real; founded on; free; full; genuine; glaring; global; governing; governmental; great; grinding; gross; grounded on; gubernatorial; hard; hard-and-fast; haste; hearsay; hegemonic; hegemonistic; heteronomous; high-handed; historical; honest-to-God; ideal; illimitable; immaculate; impair; impeccable; imperative; imperial; imperious; implicit; important; imposed; impressive; inappealable; incontestable; incontrovertible; indefectible; indefective; independent; indicative; indisputable; individual; indubitable; ineluctable; inevitable; infallible; infinite; influential; inner; intensive; intimate; intolerable; irrefragable; irrefutable; irreproachable; irresistible; irrevocable; just; just right; leading; letter-perfect; limitless; lone; lordly; magisterial; magistral; mandated; mandatory; masterful; material; matriarchal; matriarchic; meticulous; mighty; minute; momentous; monarchal; monarchial; monarchic; monocratic; must; naked; neat; necessary; no strings; noteworthy; nuncupative; obligatory; odd; official; okay; oligarchal; oligarchic; omnibus; omnipotent; omnipresent; one and only; only; only-begotten; open; oppressive; out-and-out; outright; overbearing; overruling; overwhelming; parliamentarian; parliamentary; particular; patriarchal; patriarchic; peerless; peremptory; perfect; perfectly sure; personal; persuasive; pervasive; plain; plenary; plenipotentiary; plumb; pluralistic; political; positive; potent; powerful; precious; precise; predestined; predetermined; predicational; predicative; preeminent; prescript; prescriptive; prestigious; presumptive; private; probative; profound; prominent; pronounced; proper; provable; puissant; pure; purified; radical; rank; ranking; real; rectified; regular; reliable; repressive; republican; required; respective; right; round; ruling; satisfactory; satisfying; self-evident; self-governing; senior; several; severe; shattering; sheer; shocking; significant; simple; singular; sinless; sole; solipsistic; sovereign; special; specific; spotless; stainless; stark; stark-staring; straight; straight-out; straight-up-and-down; strict; substantial; suggestive; superior; superlative; suppressive; supreme; sure; sure-enough; surpassing; sweeping; symptomatic; taintless; telling; testable; the veriest; theocratic; thorough; thoroughgoing; through-and-through; total; totalitarian; transcendent; transcendental; transparent; true; tyrannical; tyrannous; ubiquitous; ultimate; unadulterated; unalloyed; unambiguous; unanswerable; unbearable; unblemished; unblended; unbound; unbounded; uncircumscribed; uncombined; uncompounded; unconditional; unconditioned; unconfined; unconfutable; unconscionable; unconstrained; uncontaminated; uncorrupted; undeniable; undiluted; undoubting; unequivocal; unfaultable; unflawed; unfortified; unhampered; unhesitating; unimpeachable; unique; universal; univocal; unleavened; unlimited; unmeasured; unmingled; unmistakable; unmitigated; unmixed; unpaired; unqualified; unquestionable; unquestioning; unrefutable; unrelieved; unrepeated; unreserved; unrestrained; unrestricted; unsophisticated; unspoiled; unspotted; untainted; untinged; unwaivable; utter; valid; verifiable; veritable; weighty; whole; wholesale; wide-open; without appeal; without exception; without reserve; without strings

Pronunciation